Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi (Arabic: أبو ظبيtransliteration: Abū ẓabī, literally Father of gazelle[1]) is the capital and second most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), after Dubai. It is also the seat of government of the emirate of Abu Dhabi, which is ruled by Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan – the President of the UAE. Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast. Approximately 860,000[2] people lived in Abu Dhabi as of 2007. One of the world's largest producers of oil, Abu Dhabi has actively attempted to diversify its economy in recent years through investments in financial services and tourism.

Parts of Abu Dhabi were settled in the 3rd millennium BC and its early history fits the nomadic herding and fishing pattern typical of the broader region. Modern Abu Dhabi traces its origins to the rise of an important tribal confederation, the Bani Yas, in the late 18th century, which also subsequently assumed control of the town of Dubai. In the 19th century the Dubai and Abu Dhabi branches parted ways.

Into the mid-20th century, the economy of Abu Dhabi continued to be sustained mainly by camel herding, production of dates and vegetables at the inland oases of Al Ain and Liwa Oasis, and fishing and pearl diving off the coast of Abu Dhabi city, which was occupied mainly during the summer months. Most dwellings in Abu Dhabi city were, at this time constructed of palm fronds (barasti), with the wealthier families occupying mud huts. The growth of the cultured pearl industry in the first half of the twentieth century created hardship for residents of Abu Dhabi as pearls represented the largest export and main source of cash earnings.

In 1939, Sheikh Shakhbut Bin-Sultan Al Nahyan granted petroleum concessions, and oil was first found in 1958. At first, oil money had a marginal impact. A few lowrise concrete buildings were erected, and the first paved road was completed in 1961, but Sheikh Shakbut, uncertain whether the new oil royalties would last, took a cautious approach, preferring to save the revenue rather than investing it in development. His brother, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, saw that oil wealth had the potential to transform Abu Dhabi. The ruling Al Nahyan family decided that Sheikh Zayed should replace his brother as ruler and carry out his vision of developing the country. On August 6, 1966, with the assistance of the British, Sheikh Zayed became the new ruler. [3]

With the announcement by the UK in 1968 that it would withdraw from the Persian Gulf area by 1971, Sheikh Zayed became the main driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates.


Comments

  1. I just found your blog and want to invite you to join our exclusive Localyte network at no cost. By quickly embedding Localyte’s new widget in your site, you can immediately offer value to your readers.

    I’ve built Localyte into an active community of over 30,000 local experts around the world who answer travelers’ questions for free. When travelers ask a question, they get an average of five personal responses from locals who share tips and secrets on their home towns. The travelers return again and again to read these responses, creating a unique opportunity for us to promote other products and services related to their destination.

    With the Localyte widget on your site, you can also participate in 50% of the revenue we derive from your visitors who ask questions. And your visitors will never have to leave your website to ask their questions. That's it. It’s completely non-competitive and delivers great value to your readers!

    If you’re interested in our widget, please just click http://www.localyte.com/getqwidget.php to go directly to the signup page.

    This is an invitation-only offering, so please do not forward this to anyone else. However, if you know a friend that might fit well into this concept, please email me at guillermo@localyte.com with friends' names and emails, etc. and I'll reach out to them if there's a fit.

    Thank you!

    Guillermo Baensch
    Chief Executive Officer
    http://localyte.com
    guillermo@localyte.com
    Twitter: http://twitter.com/localyte
    Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Localytecom/40815783907

    ReplyDelete
  2. Well, Abu Dhabi has gone a long way now. Being the top destination for investors and tourist alike. It is an amazing transition of a country for such a short time only.


    psi

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment